If you want to know how to teach students in the emergency department, and you need to know fast, you’re in luck.
Here are the top 10 take home messages that I got from listening to the master:
- Teach less so that others learn more
— don’t try to teach more than 4 things in a session.
- Teach the right thing at the right time
— i.e. don’t show someone how to draw the coagulation cascade at 4 in the morning!
- Listen with your eyes and your ears, and make sure others do too!
- Teach others how to learn so they can become responsible for their own learning
- Set time-limited learning objectives
- Use the ‘What if?’ technique of learning
— this helps to develop associations, keep things fun and guard against availability bias (only things that are easy to remember tend to spring to mind); e.g. “What if the patient with X is also on warfarin?”
- Use the ‘Hear hoof beats? Think of lions, tigers and bears!’ technique
— what are the deadliest differential diagnoses for a presentation? In my part of the world I like to think of ‘Crocs, Stingers and Taipans!‘.
- Don’t be afraid of silence
— let the student come up with an answer.
- Be specific about what the student did well and provide constructive feedback. Suggest how the student can address their learning needs.
- Ask the student, “what did you do well, and what can you improve on?”